Greenhouse gas emissions

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Standard classifies a company’s greenhouse gas emissions into three “scopes”. Scope 1 emissions are direct emissions from owned or controlled sources. Scope 2 emissions are indirect emissions from the generation of purchased energy. Scope 3 emissions are all indirect emissions (not included in Scope 2) that occur in the value chain of the reporting company, including both upstream and downstream emissions.

Further information can be found at